Cyberdyne’s robotic exoskeletal suits are designed for use at rehab centers by patients building strength. The company is also pitching them to hospitals and nursing homes in Japan, where people older than 65 already make up a quarter of the populace.
Cleveland Clinic tested the program in 2012 and now provides MyFamily to a growing number of patients, including many of its own employees, in its primary-care practices and some cancer programs. The clinic is discussing licensing the program to other providers and is also making a brief version of the MyFamily questionnaire and tips available free online to the public at clevelandclinic.org/family.
Other health-history gathering tools are also available online, including My Family Health Portrait developed by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the Surgeon General's office, and Does It Run in the Family? from the nonprofit Genetic Alliance'sfamilyhealthhistory.org website.
"The first time I saw the technology I almost cried," said Alexandre DaSilva, an assistant professor at the university’s School of Dentistry, who is using the virtual cadaver along with his students. "In my wildest dream, I never thought that this would be possible."
The team behind the visualization system say it can be used for many other applications, from helping meteorologists dissect hurricanes to aiding in archaeological or paleontological studies. The previous CAVE system is being used by Department of Energy researchers to visualize subsurface models for tapping geothermal energy, to place power lines and to explore the insides of nuclear reactors.
The Kosair Children’s Hospital physician turned to the University of Louisville’s engineering school for help and was able to secure the use of a MakerBot 3D printer. With the 2D CT data turned into a 3D model and blown up to twice the normal size, it was far easier for the medical team to see the problems they were dealing with. Roland was born with a hole in his heart, with a deformed aorta and pulmonary artery. Because the heart must be stopped for surgery, the timing is critical — not being able to see an organ until you open the patient up means less time for doctors to find and repair damage.
The use of a 3D model for a pediatric heart surgery is a first for KY, but it’s not the first time 3D printers have been used to create models of surgical procedures. According to Tim Gornet, manager of the University of Louisville’s Rapid Prototyping Lab, the engineering school has already worked with doctors to create models of tumors and spinal defects. The total cost of printing up the model on a MakerBot? About $600.
Since electronic cigarettes hit the market in 2007, yearly sales have reached $1 billion in the U.S. Although they’re popular, it’s still unclear how safe they are. Last year, a study from an international group of scientists showed that the toxins in e-cigarette vapor are 9 to 450 times lower than in tobacco smoke. The Food and Drug Administration is still determining its regulatory stance. It’s sponsoring more research while sorting out its position.
A strip of pressure-sensitive floor tiles made of plastic evaluates a walker’s health based on footstep patterns. (Tactonic Technologies) tile system’s cloud-based analytics can provide health updates via smartphone and assist caretakers for the elderly.
A German startup is offering a high-tech monitoring system for this problem, which is set to grow more urgent as the developed world begins dealing with a spike in senior citizens. The company has developed an advanced, conductive textile floor covering they call SensFloor that detects when people are walking or lying on it. The innovation is already alerting European nursing homes when a senior has fallen.
Their flooring is a polyester fleece textile measuring just eight-hundredths of an inch in thickness. They use an ordinary textile production process to laminate a thin, conductive piece of metal into the fleece to make patterns like those found on circuit boards. Some parts of the pattern become sensor fields and others become conductive lanes. These are connected to embedded radio modules that communicate real-time data to the system’s cigarette-box-sized controller.
SensFloor switches lights, controls automatic doors, and detects unauthorised intrusion. For high-security applications like access control in combination with RFID, SensFloor can count individual people.
Sure Chill (from Wales) is designed to keep vaccines at low temperatures in places prone to power outages. The refrigerator’s cooling system, which can work without electricity, uses a layer of ice to keep water around the chamber at a constant temperature.
With no sunlight to set day apart from night on a submarine, the U.S. Navy for decades has staggered sailors' working hours on schedules with little resemblance to life above the ocean's surface.
Research by a Navy laboratory in Groton is now leading to changes for the undersea fleet. Military scientists concluded submarine sailors, who traditionally begin a new workday every 18 hours, show less fatigue on a 24-hour schedule, and the Navy has endorsed the findings for any skippers who want to make the switch.
The first submarine to try the new schedule on a full deployment was the USS Scranton, led by Cmdr. Seth Burton, a cancer survivor. He said the illness he experienced as a junior officer helped convince him of the health benefits of keeping a sleep pattern in line with the body's natural rhythm.
You could see Paro as a very well-designed $5,000 pet that will never turn on the person holding it, and will never be hurt if its master flies into a rage. It is as happy in one lap as the next, needs no house-training, can be easily washed and will not die. This makes it a much more practical proposition to have in a nursing home or hospital than a live pet. It is used in such homes in Japan, in parts of Europe and in America. As well as simply making people happy—no mean goal—it can act as a source of reassurance and calm. People with Alzheimer’s often suffer from “sundowning”—a distressed urge to wander that comes on towards the end of the afternoon. Mr Shibata has found that a seal in the arms tends to reduce such wandering, which means fewer falls. Experience in Italy, Denmark and America indicates that care homes equipped with Paro need less medication for their residents. Larger trials now under way in Australia should establish whether this and other benefits can be provided simply by a soft toy, or whether Paro’s ability to interact with the world makes a clinical difference.