The varied technology which brings the character to life in The Hobbit - click image twice to enlarge
Time on the progression of the motion capture craft:
Motion-capture technology is being advanced by an increasing number of studios and directors. A significant non–Weta milestone was The Curious Case of Benjamin Button (2008), which used motion capture to meld digitally aged versions of Brad Pitt’s face with other actors’ bodies. Woody Schultz, who played multiple characters in Avatar and formed a committee on performance capture at the Screen Actors Guild, calls the technique a “go-to” for horror and sci-fi flicks. Savvy users are pushing it into new media too: Schultz is pitching a weekly talk show with a live performance-capture host and cites live theater as the next frontier.