By digitizing its archives, the Vatican library, established in 1451, joins the ranks of illustrious institutions such as the British Museum, Bibliothèque Nationale de France and the Cambridge University Library. The Vatican is offering "a service that we provide all mankind," said Msgr. Cesare Pasini, prefect of the library, at a recent presentation of the project.
For the past year, Vatican officials have worked closely with experts at Japanese IT firm NTT DATA Corp. to test special scanners designed to handle particularly delicate documents. Glove-wearing operators, who must remove watches and jewelry to prevent scratching the texts, made sure that the scanners wouldn't damage the documents.
Sure Chill (from Wales) is designed to keep vaccines at low temperatures in places prone to power outages. The refrigerator’s cooling system, which can work without electricity, uses a layer of ice to keep water around the chamber at a constant temperature.
I like flying into Oakland airport and taking BART train around the Bay Area – but dislike taking the shuttle bus from the terminal to the station. That is about to change with the connector light train under construction.
Even better, the rail car is being improved
“The new train car design includes two types of seating areas to meet the diverse needs of BART customers. The train cars will have conventional seating at the ends that customers settling in for a longer trip may want to choose, while open seating areas near the doors may be preferred by riders traveling in groups. Riders with luggage, strollers or other personal items, as well as customers who want a little more legroom may also prefer the open seating areas.”
The factory floor is silent but not empty. Dozens of workers dressed in crisp white lab coats, hairnets and matching Crocs are maneuvering dollhouse-size hand tools and manipulating minuscule parts to assemble wristwatches. With loupes to eyes, one line builds the movement–the timepieces’ quartz-powered brain. Another line does nothing but put the dials in place, while others set the hands, fix the case backs and lash the leather straps. This isn’t a clean room in Geneva or a Chinese factory in Shenzhen. These movements are taking place behind the floor-to-ceiling glass wall that separates Shinola’s Detroit headquarters from its sprawling state-of-the-art factory.
“The most interesting smartphone feature—especially for people currently suffering from spring tree-pollen allergy—is an allergen tracker. It takes advantage of the phone’s Internet connection to gather pollen counts and other allergen information by zip code. Armed with this knowledge, the app can tell the purifier to dial up the power or to lie low.”
and at the high end, Honeywell is helping fight the massive smog problem in Chinese cities by purifying air in some of the large office complexes – below from its recent investor presentation. The Galaxy SOHO building, for example, has over 2.5 million feet of leased space.
Bloomberg on Green Plains and the rest of the US corn based ethanol industry.
“Rail cars, storage elevators and shipping terminals complement his trading desk and ethanol plants. Fifty miles (80 kilometers) southeast of Omaha, in Shenandoah, Iowa, Green Plains produces 65 million gallons of ethanol a year in towers that emit a sweet beerlike scent. The company wrings 175,000 tons of animal feed from leftover parts of the corn. It converts some feed to corn oil, adding a nickel to its typical 15 cents–a-gallon ethanol profit. It saves three cents a gallon by grinding corn thoroughly.
Becker promises to pressure presidential candidates to support ethanol when they pass through Iowa in 2016 -- even though he’s sure lawmakers will scrap minimum requirements. “It’s just a matter of when,” he says.”
Meanwhile in Brazil cane base ethanol is facing its own challenges even though the country has long pioneered the use of the biofuel. The Washington Post
“In the 1970s, Brazil wanted to wean itself off expensive, imported oil and turned to ethanol. Cars were built to run solely on the biofuel. Gas stations selling ethanol popped up nationwide. Generous subsidies went to sugar-cane producers and mills.
By 2003, Brazil introduced the flex-fuel car, which can run on ethanol or gasoline. Today, virtually all cars manufactured in Brazil are flex-fuel, and 64 percent of those on the roads can run on ethanol or gas.
This was the biggest project in the world to replace a fossil fuel with a renewable fuel,” said Adhemar Altieri of the Brazil Sugarcane Industry Association, which represents the country’s cane and ethanol producers.”
With no sunlight to set day apart from night on a submarine, the U.S. Navy for decades has staggered sailors' working hours on schedules with little resemblance to life above the ocean's surface.
Research by a Navy laboratory in Groton is now leading to changes for the undersea fleet. Military scientists concluded submarine sailors, who traditionally begin a new workday every 18 hours, show less fatigue on a 24-hour schedule, and the Navy has endorsed the findings for any skippers who want to make the switch.
The first submarine to try the new schedule on a full deployment was the USS Scranton, led by Cmdr. Seth Burton, a cancer survivor. He said the illness he experienced as a junior officer helped convince him of the health benefits of keeping a sleep pattern in line with the body's natural rhythm.
You could see Paro as a very well-designed $5,000 pet that will never turn on the person holding it, and will never be hurt if its master flies into a rage. It is as happy in one lap as the next, needs no house-training, can be easily washed and will not die. This makes it a much more practical proposition to have in a nursing home or hospital than a live pet. It is used in such homes in Japan, in parts of Europe and in America. As well as simply making people happy—no mean goal—it can act as a source of reassurance and calm. People with Alzheimer’s often suffer from “sundowning”—a distressed urge to wander that comes on towards the end of the afternoon. Mr Shibata has found that a seal in the arms tends to reduce such wandering, which means fewer falls. Experience in Italy, Denmark and America indicates that care homes equipped with Paro need less medication for their residents. Larger trials now under way in Australia should establish whether this and other benefits can be provided simply by a soft toy, or whether Paro’s ability to interact with the world makes a clinical difference.
The Hobart Institute of Welding Technology has been around since 1930 and is considered one of the top national programs in the trade. To get in, you need a high school diploma or a GED, plus about $25,000 to cover the cost of tuition, books, and living expenses. For nine months, students learn how to weld structural steel and pipe, spending more than 1,000 hours under a hood practicing the art of fusing different pieces of metal. As they advance, they learn to work with more complicated alloys, such as aluminum, titanium, and stainless steel, always striving for that perfect weld that makes the metal stronger. “A nice weld is a work of art,” says Andre Odermatt, Hobart’s president.
As the designer of the first emoji for cellphones, Shigetaka Kurita periodically fields requests that he expand the lexicon of the pictogram-like characters.
Ranging from symbols for food items like a “hot dog” to more forthright images such as a “middle finger,” the requests for new emoji reflect people’s growing reliance on emoji for injecting emotion and mood into a short e-mail or text message.
But when Mr. Kurita first started creating emoji, nearly a decade before the launch of Apple’s App Store, he had no idea they would become so universally popular. At that time he was working as part of a team preparing for the February 1999 debut of NTT Docomo’s i-mode–the world’s first major mobile Internet system.
One of the highlights of our trip to New York last week was visits to 3 museums – the Met, MoMA and a little known one in Long Island City
It is Ilan Averbuch’s studio. He builds amazing (mostly public space) art with stone, wood and metal. Married to my cousin Alka Mansukhani (no slouch herself – she is a stem cell and cancer biologist at NYU), they live and he works in a former factory in what was predominantly a blue collar area when he moved in 3 decades ago. It is gentrified now, but surprisingly navigable with lots of neighborhood restaurants and bars. Hard to believe it is a stone’s throw from the always busy streets of Manhattan.
As you can see from the video below he needs a lot of space to work. But they raised a bright young girl there (she is now in college), have several pets including Tota seen in video, and have views of NYC from the terrace to kill for.
Bloomberg on the impact of the $ 5 bn widening of the Panama Canal
“The widening of the canal has triggered preparations at ports up and down the East Coast of the U.S. and throughout Latin America. The Port Authority of New York and New Jersey is raising the Bayonne Bridge; Savannah, Georgia, plans to deepen its river by 6 feet; and Miami has budgeted $2 billion to modernize its port.
In the Bahamas, Hong Kong billionaire Li Ka-shing’s Hutchison Whampoa Ltd. has built a deep-water port at Freeport, vying to become a transshipment hub, a place where cargo is unloaded to smaller boats that can navigate cramped waterways across the Caribbean. And in Louisiana, Lake Charles Exports LLC got permission in August from the U.S. Department of Energy to ship liquefied natural gas from its terminal in Lake Charles.
It’s the fourth company awarded such a license, and 21 more applications are pending. This activity is largely about Asian markets, which will be made accessible when the expanded canal opens. U.S. exports of natural gas liquids could jump to 20 million metric tons in 2020 from the current 5 million metric tons, according to Sanford C. Bernstein & Co. “
Amazingly, even after the widening the Canal will not be able to handle the biggest classes of ships which are focused more on the Asia to Europe routes.
In fact, it required sheer doggedness and considerable skill in applying nuclear science to a global deal freighted with technical complexities and political uncertainties. Yet in the end, Dr. Neff noted, the mission was accomplished: Uranium once meant to obliterate American cities ended up endowing them with energy.
Nuclear experts hail it as a remarkable if poorly known chapter of atomic history. The two decades of bomb recycling, they say, not only reduced the threat of atomic terrorism and helped stabilize the former Soviet Union but achieved a major feat of nuclear disarmament — a popular goal that is seldom achieved.
The system includes all the components necessary to run a meeting, with the exception of a display. For the first year, users don’t have to pay any additional costs; after that, the cost is $250 per year. The product is available in the U.S. today and is coming to Australia, Canada, France, Japan, New Zealand, Spain and U.K. Businesses in the U.S. will be able to buy it through CDW, and resellers will be able to get it from SYNNEX. Both HP and Dell will make Chromeboxes for meetings available in the coming months.”
A home office is usually the last place homeowners want to spend money on, says Lauren Liess, a Virginia interior designer. But Liess says that home offices — or desktop spaces in kitchens or bedroom niches — offer great opportunities to accessorize well and add personality. We turned to Liess and Darlene Molnar, a Washington interior designer and adjunct professor at the Corcoran College of Art and Design, to help us find timeless case goods and the latest, greatest accessories.
Grothaus says the app currently covers about 5,000 food items, including everything from exotic fruits, to meats like ostrich and elk. And more will be added later. "In the future, we are going to rapidly expand the database to hundreds of thousands of items, tie it in with other popular third-party food apps, and also allow users to build up their own personal food database," he says.
It is not a terribly far stretch. In the last decade, GoPro has built a large and passionate following on YouTube and other Internet sites with its adrenaline-soaked and professionally made videos of surfers riding through barrels of waves and skiers parachuting off snow-covered cliffs. Customers have independently uploaded millions of their own videos, too. And many happily label the clips with the term GoPro, which has become a sort of shorthand for action shots.
Road and Track magazine has a tribute to the Ford Mustang – 50 years ago, Gail Wise, a 22 year old teacher in Chicago was the first Mustang owner. The article describes the car launch, the economy then and how the car became associated with endless summers, Henry Ford II and Lee Iacocca’s influences.
What's special about the just-released Modbar? You can't see it. But the baristas can see you. Its hefty heat-and-pressure-generating components are hidden under the counter so customers can better interact with the experts pulling their shots. Gorilla is dedicating theirs to single-origin selections like bright, citrus-inflected beans from Gishamwana island in Rwanda.
It was a gorgeous weekend in NYC and my wife and I enjoyed several acres of NYC’s Central Park along with several migratory birds that drop by as the temperatures start to rise. This documentary does a very nice job describing the unexpected pleasure of seeing so many species in the middle of the Manhattan concrete jungle
I was also impressed with all the subtle technology that enhances the park experience
My wife and I used the iBird Pro app on our iPhones to check out various species we were unfamiliar with. We took a tour by Dr. Robert DeCandido better known as "Birding Bob" who in his twenty years of birdwalks is now fully in the digital world with a website and accessible by mobile phone. Here he is with his iPhone and his handheld iHome speaker. He used his Sibley birding app to call out and attract a downy woodpecker and a flicker. If you walked all year round he said you would probably run into 250+ species.
(Sean) Zhang says his team has taken a step toward decreasing paper consumption with the water-jet rewriteable paper because it can be printed on and erased a number of times. The paper is made with dyes that are invisible when dry but reveal colors when wet. Water acts as a key for the dye, opening up closed and colorless molecules when it is present to trigger coloration.
NSA’s spies divide targets into two broad categories: data in motion and data at rest. Information moving to and from mobile phones, computers, data centers, and satellites is often easier to grab, and the agency sucks up vast amounts worldwide. Yet common data such as e-mail is often protected with encryption once it leaves a device, making it harder—but not impossible—to crack.
Retrieving information from hard drives, overseas data centers, or cell phones is more difficult, but it’s often more valuable because stored data is less likely to be encrypted, and spies can zero in on exactly what they want. NSA lawyers can compel U.S. companies to hand over some of it; agency hackers target the most coveted and fortified secrets inside computers of foreign governments.
I have had the good fortune to see Egyptian antiquities in Cairo, Paris, London and elsewhere. Having just walked by Cleopatra's Needle as we approached the Met from Central Park, I first went to the Egyptian section of the museum. I was impressed with the projection technology which displays a digital version on a wall inside the museum with no distortions by my shadow or others walking by that section of the museum. I was fascinated with a section nearby which described Pharaonic construction technology and units of measure such as cubits, palms and fingers.
Two striking things about the Met - the differences in lighting everywhere. Natural lighting to show off a Chinese garden courtyard, or to dim the background of a Japanese deer petrified in glass or to emphasize the contours of a Bernini sculture
The other impressive thing is the discreet security. You have to strain to notice the surveillance cameras on top of high ceilings and an employee told me touch and proximity sensors, out of sight, guard most of the valuables.
I learned the Met has been encouraging artists to use 3D printers to simulate some of the art in the museum
The Met also has an exhibit by artist Ryan Kittleson who extrudes 2D work such as Rembrandt’s Self portrait into 3D based on image brightness. The resulting images resemble a seemingly archaic plane of spikes—except when viewed head-on.
While the museum is working on a mobile app, it offers an audio guide with over a hundred hours of commentary on its pieces, and has impressive visualization of its data. For example, the Met has a map meant to interest young patrons – the detail about museum data packed into the poster is striking. It also has a wall with images in chronological order of all the artwork it has collected since it was founded in 1870.
A mervelous experience which keeps getting better with age.
BusinessWeek on Dallas Museum of Art trading free entry for patron data
“The program has so far delivered about 2 million records that show how visitors use the museum. “In the past all we’ve ever known is that some number of anonymous people have entered a space,” says Robert Stein, the museum’s deputy director and a software developer who previously worked with Anderson at the Indianapolis Museum of Art. The DMA is using the data to learn which galleries are the most popular, which events attract visitors from city neighborhoods where museum membership is thin, and the rate of repeat visits. It’s similar to the metrics relied on by online retailers, Stein says, but “instead of clickstreams, you’re looking at streams of activity in a physical space.” Mindful of privacy concerns, the museum tracks activity only when members decide to check in to the museum or scan a card in a gallery.”
For non-astronomers, stargazing may seem simple: Just plop down a scope, and peer toward the heavens. It’s usually not quite that easy. Scopes can be tricky to set up and celestial objects elusive. The Celestron Cosmos 90 GT uses a Wi-Fi connection with a smartphone to do the hard work for you. To align it, users point it at any three bright objects in the sky; the scope uses them to triangulate its precise location. Through an app, users then select the celestial body they want to see from Celestron’s 120,000-entry database. Motors in the base position the scope in seconds.
Another in a 2014 guest column series which builds on the one in 2009 where 50+ had written about how science /tech has evolved their hobby/interest.
This time it is Cindy Jutras, President of Mint Jutras, a firm which analyzes various aspects of the ERP software marketplace. Here she writes how her passion for oriental martial arts and painting is actually an antidote to the technology in her career
They say looks can be deceiving. That’s often the first thought that comes to mind when people I meet in a business setting learn that I am a martial artist. While it is actually not a topic that comes up often, Vinnie discovered this about me recently when we were looking at a mural on the wall of a conference room of a mutual client. I happened to mention I was an artist… a sumi-e artist to be more precise. Sumi is Japanese for “black ink” and the e on the end translates to “painting.” I hold dan (black belt) rank in three different styles of martial arts, and my early years of study focused on the destructive arts (punching and kicking). But my introduction to sumi-e came through my study of Kosho.
Kosho isn’t really a “style” of martial arts, but more a philosophy and an integrated study of natural movement. As such it encompasses many different fields of study, including healing arts, sword and cultural studies like brushwork. My work with the brush began with shodo, which is literally translated as “way of the brush,” but really refers to calligraphy. Kosho’s roots are in Japan, so in the study of shodo we learned to interpret and practiced Kanji characters. After undergoing a major reconstruction of my knee, I found myself drawn more and more to the brush, and being a rather “creative” type this led me to more expressive forms of brush work: sumi-e.
But as you progress in the arts you realize all of these studies are connected. Practicing with the brush improves your sword handling and your empty hand techniques because all are based on the flow of movement. I had found a way to preserve my skills and continue my practice of the arts without being restricted by my age or physical limitations.
So when Vinnie asked me to relate these studies to science and technology, one was easy and one was hard. The science part is easy. Study of movement and the human body is loaded with science and I am fascinated by the connection of seemingly unrelated movement. Yet one of the reasons I am drawn to the way of the brush is because it lets me escape from the technology that dominates my professional life. And it allows me to add some diversity that I can’t even think about allowing in my business, which is researching, writing and speaking about how technology impacts business.
You see, sumi painting is the polar opposite of technology research. This is quite apparent in contrasting western art with eastern art. Western art is about realistically representing the subject. Eastern art is about capturing the essence of it. A sumi painting is less about being an accurate depiction of reality and more about making a suggestion. In my business, I draw on decades of experience, but I must be precise and back up what I write with facts and data. In other words, I need to paint an accurate representation of reality. In my sumi paintings I can capture the spirit of the subject and inspire the imagination of the audience. The four “treasures” of sumi are simple: brush, ink, inkwell and paper. No technology required.
“I'm floating toward the space station, the curvature of Earth visible below me. I'm pulled as if by tractor beam, but with enough time to turn and look behind, down, and dead ahead. My stomach churns. I feel like I might break off and drop into orbit any minute.
I'm in a desert warzone I can't identify. Camoflaged soldiers give a man in a truck passage. In a blink, small arms fire is resounding and orders are shouted between troops. I scan the buildings and alleys for the source while the soldiers move ahead, ducking between corners for shelter. I don't realize it's a drill until I see the safety-orange tips of their guns.
I'm at E3, the international gaming conference, being ferried through a crowd of strangers all bathed in the transluscent blue light of screens. I try to look across the scrum, tilting my head back and forth to peer over heads, hoping to make eye contact with myself. I was there, after all.
I take off the goggles strapped to my face and I'm in the meeting room of a New York office building, looking at the smiling, long-haired documentarian Danfung Dennis, whose latest footage I've just been previewing through the virtual reality headset the Oculus Rift.”
GoPro's small point-of-view shooters are best known for stunt footage taken on (and high above) the Earth's surface. But these video cameras also excel in the depths, thanks to great lowlight performance and an ultra-wide-angle fixed lens. (If you have an hour, hop on YouTube and search "GoPro underwater.") The latest model, the Hero3+ Black Edition, includes a separate housing that's waterproof to 131 feet, and records video in up to 4K resolution (or a burst of still shots at 30 frames per second) via a 12-megapixel sensor. Screw it onto a hand-held pole mount and you'll be able to grab up-close imagery of fish you're stalking. Or turn the camera back toward you to snap the ultimate underwater selfie
“No branding tool is more powerful than color. It can transform a logo into an emotional experience by instantly stimulating desire, instilling trust and connecting your company to the customer's soul. Also, it's pretty. After consulting with psychologists, designers, decorators, the guy at the paint store and our aunt down in Florida, we've created a guide to the virtues conveyed by 20 colors frequently used in company logos.”
To try and out-do the iPhone's Siri and Android's Google Now, Microsoft interviewed real personal assistants about their jobs, and tried to replicate everything they do. What sort of requests they got from their bosses, and how they handled them.
From there, engineers created what they feel is the first real digital assistant. Siri was just a prelude.
So, when Lucas Westcoat, a senior Microsoft product manager showed off what Cortana (named after a character in the Halo video game) could do, the first task was asking her for a reminder to congratulate the wife on a great new job the next time we spoke. That would kick in, he said, when the next phone call, text or e-mail from her was generated.
The problem and the basic solution are ancient. Farmers plant crops, animals raid them, and farmers put up scarecrows to frighten off the marauders. Now, researchers are combining common technologies with insight into animal behavior to update the ancient scarecrow in the hopes of helping the most vulnerable of growers.
In April, scientists from Western Kentucky University and African collaborators plan to begin another field season, developing motion-activated scarecrows intended to drive off crop-eating animals with a barrage of random cues that trigger deeply ingrained fears.
In addition to devices being tested on smaller animals, researchers are developing special tracking collars for elephants that will activate scarecrows when the massive animals draw near.
This article in the Booz Strategy + Business magazine explains why US manufacturing is bouncing back – wages, energy, proximity to consumers but explains why technology in design and across the plant will be needed to sustain the momentum
“Anderson laughs easily and readily, often at himself. Make no mistake, he's a voluble Renaissance man who's fully aware of his accomplishments as a particle physicist (at Los Alamos National Lab) turned magazine chief (with The Economist and then Wired, which he edited for the past 12 years).
But he'd rather talk about how he's the dumbest guy in the room at 3D Robotics, a mushrooming year-old garage-based operation that — thanks to some $37 million in venture capital infusions — is poised to be a leader in the coming drone economy.
"Being a journalist and being a CEO are similar, because as a journalist you're writing about the do-ers, and as a CEO you're empowering them and taking delight in their success," says Anderson. "I'm the worst programmer and electrical engineer here. And I should be."”
The online crafts fair that got its start in 2005 is no longer home to just hand-knit beanies and other folksy finds. Nine years in, Etsy is a bustling e-marketplace whose sellers are being courted by the likes of West Elm and Anthropologie.
Sound waves tend to travel every which way, meaning if you can hear something, you can usually be heard. This acoustic circulator focuses sound waves so they travel in one direction and blocks them from moving back.
Tor, an acronym for “the onion router,” is software that provides the closest thing to anonymity on the Internet. Engineered by the Tor Project, a nonprofit group, and offered free of charge, Tor has been adopted by both agitators for liberty and criminals. It sends chat messages, Google (GOOG) searches, purchase orders, or e-mails on a winding path through multiple computers, concealing activities as the layers of an onion cover its core, encrypting the source at each step to hide where one is and where one wants to go. Some 5,000 computers around the world, volunteered by their owners, serve as potential hop points in the path, obscuring requests for a new page or chat.
USAToday hosts a panel with Marriott International CEO Arne Sorenson; Kimpton Hotels & Restaurants CEO Michael A. Depatie; Choice Hotels International CEO Stephen Joyce; InterContinental Hotels Group President of the Americas Kirk Kinsell; and Best Western CEO David Kong.
Photo Credit of pilot at Starwood where guests can use their smartphones as room keys
Regenokine is a patented procedure that involves drawing blood from a patient and then separating and treating it with heat to concentrate its healing properties. The incubation process takes up to 24 hours, and it stimulates the growth of immune-regulating substances from the body, like tumor necrosis factor and interleukin-1. Once the blood is ready, it's injected directly into the joint or other source of pain. Since the procedure is noninvasive, it carries little risk of side effects like infections and does not require months of physical rehabilitation. While no one knows exactly how long the relief will last, Wehling says he usually doesn't see patients for years afterward, and in some cases, such as when he treats slipped discs, he is confident the treatment can offer a permanent fix, especially when patients follow injections with Wehling's nutrition and training program. "This is a new, proven way of treating chronic pain," says Wehling. "We see a positive result in 80 to 90 percent of patients."
On March 18, Sony (SNE) announced Project Morpheus, its long-term effort to develop a VR headset for the PlayStation 4. Sony’s idea is more social—displaying the virtual world from its glowing blue headset on a TV screen for others to watch. Morpheus also uses the PS4 camera to replicate user movement in-game. “Seeing how the development community was starting to respond to Oculus Rift (since acquired by Facebook) gave us a prompt to take something we were experimenting on and make it more of a product,” says Sony Computer Entertainment President Andy House, adding that Morpheus won’t be on shelves this year.
Consumer Reports has a nice “state of the market” on advanced safety systems coming to market, the building blocks for the autonomous car.
“Research shows that 90 percent of crashes are caused by human error. That’s why the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and every major automaker are increasingly focusing on systems that allow the vehicle to become a partner in the drive by monitoring a car’s surroundings, warning the driver of danger, and even taking control of the car in some situations. “For the past 40 years, we’ve been working on protecting people from the crash,” says David Strickland, NHTSA’s former administrator. “This is the new North Star, making sure the crash never happens.”
Overall, the advanced safety systems are just getting warmed up, but they are already showing promise in reducing the number of accidents and fatalities on today’s roads.”
“This assigns each shot a probability related to its position, and thus determines how well a goalscorer is performing. The statistic filters out the quality of the opposition and the quality of the player's team. Last year, for instance, Tottenham's Gareth Bale had 161 shots and 21 goals, when, according to the goal-expectation model, he was due to score only 11. "Bale would regularly shoot from situations with a low probability of success, such as from a distance of 30 yards, and score," says Paul Boanas, Prozone's senior account manager and a former performance analyst. "This type of contextual information helps to explain why he's worth so much."
Some of the most important elements of football remain very hard to quantify and it's difficult to understand what we can't measure. Consider defence. Using data from the last ten seasons of the Premier League, Anderson and Sally compared the value of a goal scored and the value of a goal conceded. They found that scoring a goal, on average, is worth slightly more than one point, whereas not conceding produces, on average, 2.5 points per match. "Goals that don't happen are more valuable than goals that do happen," Anderson says. "It's counterintuitive. The question is: how do we measure something that doesn't happen? The challenge is to see the unseen."
And that they use conveyor technology to get piles of material up to the roof from trucks and debris down for impressive worker productivity. And nail guns and magnetic sweepers to keep the work and workplaces tidy.
The humble shingle is now designed for aesthetics, energy efficiency, algae resistance, and importantly for us in Florida to handle wind resistance up to 130 mph.
But it is not just the shingles. There are layers of moisture barrier, undereave ventilation and insulation that supplement the shingle protection.
Then there is improved fastener technology as explained in this Owens Corning video. With all this science wo wonder they can do jobs in days that took their parents weeks to do. And warrant their work now for decades.
“What we will see in the future, I believe, is not just the ability to put two tanks on a planter and vary the rate of pop-up fertilizer and nitrogen,” says AGCO’s Hamilton. “We’ll see phosphorus, potassium, and nitrogen tanks, and we’ll see micronutrients in the future.”